Reports

Cambodia: Democracy Under Threat

( 24-September-2015 / CCHR )

Cambodia: Democracy Under Threat In recent months, the Royal Government of Cambodia (“RGC”) has severely restricted fundamental freedoms and attempted to stifle dissenting voices, gravely threatening the future prospects for a peaceful and democratic Cambodia in which human rights are respected.

IBAHRI report highlights extent of corruption in the Cambodian judiciary In a report released today, the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) exposes the extent of corrupt influence – both political and financial – which is exerted over the judiciary of Cambodia and its impact on human rights cases. The IBAHRI calls on the Cambodian government to rectify, both in law and practice, the situation that allows the authorities to place political pressure on the judiciary and to address the endemic corruption within the Cambodian legal system. The report, Justice versus corruption: Challenges to the independence of the judiciary in Cambodia, documents the findings of an IBAHRI delegation that visited Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in April 2015. The delegation was convened to undertake an in-depth examination of the Cambodian judiciary in light of three newly passed judicial laws. The IBAHRI has previously expressed concern at the negative effect these laws will have on the independence of the judiciary and the excessive transfer of power from the judiciary to the executive that they allow.

Cambodia: King should reject Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organizations Amnesty International’s Secretary General, Salil Shetty, has written to His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni, Cambodia’s monarch, calling on him to reject the draft Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organizations (LANGO). The letter refers to the King’s constitutional role as the protector of rights and freedoms for all citizens and as the guarantor of international treaties, stating that the LANGO will, if passed, violate these rights and guarantees.

CCHR’s Analysis and Key Recommendations on LANGO On 5 June 2015, the Council of Ministers approved the fifth draft of the Law on Association and Non- Governmental Organizations (“LANGO”). After minor changes were made to the text, including the creditable elimination of the 25% budget cap on administrative costs, the draft was sent to the National Assembly in mid-June.

Consolidation of Legal Analysis over draft Law on Association and None Government Organization (LANGO) Article 1 of LANGO states its purpose is to guarantee and protect the right to freedom of association, but this draft does not grant any rights to associations and NGOs, except for the right to tax exemption for donations under the Law on Taxation and other laws. Only conditions and a long list of obligations are imposed on the associations and NGOs.

Cambodia: Immediately withdraw draft Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organizations (LANGO) Forty international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and membership organizations call on the government of Cambodia to immediately withdraw the draft Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organizations (LANGO). This legislation, if adopted, would seriously damage the ability of many domestic and international associations and NGOs, as well as community-based advocacy movements, to work effectively in Cambodia.

UN Women Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Annual Report 2014 UN Women Asia-Pacific worked in 2014 across 32 countries regionally in collaboration with governments, civil society organizations, the private sector and the UN system. Our work reached the most marginalized women and girls by tackling stark and rising inequalities and multiple forms of discrimination. We utilized a range of approaches: partnering with governments in their programmes to advance women’s rights; supporting feminist and women’s movements to exert influence in policy decisions; encouraging greater contributions of men as gender equality advocates; and advocating for increased investments to realize gender equality. This Annual Report, the first to be produced by the UN Women Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, documents this work.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014

( 01-July-2015 / US Department of State )

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014 Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliamentary form of government. In the most recent national elections held July 2013, the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) won a majority of the 123 National Assembly seats. International and local nongovernmental organization (NGO) observers assessed the election process suffered numerous flaws, including problems with the voter registry, unequal access to the media, and the issuance of an unusually large number of temporary official identification cards to voters. Authorities maintained effective control over the security forces. The three leading human rights problems were the arbitrary suspension of the right to assemble in the capital, a politicized and ineffective judiciary, and constraints on freedom of press. Other human rights problems included continued prisoner abuse, pervasive corruption, ineffective governmental human rights bodies, and trafficking in persons. The government prosecuted some officials who committed abuses, but impunity for corruption and most abuses persisted. Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from:Share

States: Ensure Participation and Protection for Activists in Business and Human Rights Treaty Discussions Geneva) - A forthcoming UN process to develop binding norms in the field of business and human rights should provide protection and space to contribute for human rights activists, a broad coalition of civil society groups say in a major new report. The report, submitted to the first session of the ‘Intergovernmental Working Group on transnational corporations and other business enterprises with respect to human rights’, makes concrete recommendations to the Chair of the Working Group and States to put human rights defenders at the centre of the process of elaboration, and the substantive content, of a treaty on business and human rights.

On Stony Ground: A Look into Social Land Concessions

( 24-June-2015 / Licadho Cambodia )

On Stony Ground: A Look into Social Land Concessions June 24, 2015 - In March 2003, the Cambodian government unveiled a potentially progressive policy with the aim of transferring land to landless and poor Cambodians – Social Land Concessions (SLCs). However, some of the first SLCs were implemented with a total disregard for the legal framework and failed miserably. LICADHO recently investigated the Land Allocation for Social and Economic Development (LASED) project which was meant to prove that SLCs could contribute to reducing rural poverty by transferring land to landless Cambodians for residential and farming purposes.

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