Fact sheets

Key Statistics of Women Candidates and Women Elected Commune/Sangkat Councils Elections, June 2012 This leaflet contains statistical information relating to the number of women candidates who stood for election, and the number of women who were actually elected in the Commune/Sangkat elections on 3 June 2012. Ten political parties ran in the elections: the Cambodian People's Party ("CPP"), the Sam Rainsy Party ("SRP"), FUNCIPEC Party ("FCP"), the Norodom Rannaridh Party ("NRP"), the Human Rights Party ("HRP"), the League for Democracy Party ("LDP"), the Khmer Anti-Poverty Party ("APP"), the Khmer National Party ("KNP"), the Republic Democratic Party ("RDP"), and the Democratic Movement Party ("DMP"). Of these ten parties, only seven won seats in the elections. There were a total of 28,481 out of 111,056 women candidates (25.65%) and women were elected to 2,038 seats, 17.79% of the total number of seat (11,459). The data below is taken from information gathered by the National Election Committee (“NEC”).

Business and Human Rights Project

( 06-August-2012 / CCHR )

Business and Human Rights Project The Business and Human Rights Project (the “B&HR Project”) will encourage garment factories in Cambodia to respect human rights in their day-to-day operations. Central to this objective is incorporating the United Nations (“UN”) Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (the “GPs”) into their business models. The GPs have already been translated into Khmer – with help from CCHR – but garment factories need to be made aware of the GPs and encouraged to implement them. Part of the problem is that the GPs are too detailed; a more user-friendly and accessible guide is needed.

The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia This fact sheet provides an overview of the ECCC with regards to its judicial framework and recent controversy including allegations of political interference. This fact sheet also provides recommendations that take into account the legacy the institution will leave for the judiciary and rule of law in Cambodia. This fact sheet is written by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights (“CCHR”), a non-aligned, independent, non-governmental organization (“NGO”) that works to promote and protect democracy and respect for human rights – primarily civil and political rights – throughout Cambodia.

Violent Response to Workers Protest

( 20-July-2012 / CCHR )

Violent Response to Workers Protest The recent violent attempts by the authorities to crack down a workers demonstration, including the beating and arrest of a protestor, is one of many across the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”) that highlights the regular disregard for the right to freedom to peaceful assembly by the authorities.

Fundamental Freedoms Series: Cyber Rights The United Nations (“UN”) Human Rights Council (“HRC”) recently adopted a resolution on the promotion and the protection of human rights on the internet. This is to affirm that the same rights that people have offline must also be respected online, namingly freedom of expression and information. Despite international moves to protect online rights and freedoms, the Royal Government of Cambodia (“RGC”) announced recently that it is drafting its first ever cyber law to regulate and to limit the use of the internet. Therefore, contrary to international trends, freedom of expression online in Cambodia could soon be under threat.

Extradition in Cambodia

( 06-July-2012 / CCHR )

Extradition in Cambodia Extradition procedures in Cambodia are dictated by the Code of Criminal Procedure 2007 (the "Code") and by bilateral extradition treaties. In addition, international standards provide important guidance on proper extradition procedures. Recent experience has shown however that Cambodia's extradition practices should be revised to incorporate human rights, as well as to ensure that extradition is applied without interference.

The Appellate Court of Cambodia

( 29-June-2012 / CCHR )

The Appellate Court of Cambodia The Appeal Court is a centralized appeal court, located in Phnom Penh, empowered to hear all appeals on questions of law and/or fact in criminal and civil judgments handed down in all first instance courts throughout the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”). Any steps to introduce regional Appeal Courts will increase the accessibility of appeal proceedings to all Cambodians who may wish to appeal civil or criminal judgments but who face obstacles of geographical isolation and insufficient means to travel to Phnom Penh – and would therefore represent a positive step in terms of access to justice in Cambodia

The Use of Prison Labor and Land Evictions The use of prisioners to carry out a forced eviction in Shianoukville highlights the irresponsible and abusive manner in which the State is administering prison labor and carrying out forced evictios, breaching the legal and human rights of both prisoners and land occupants.

Silencing the Airwaves

( 15-June-2012 / CCHR )

Silencing the Airwaves The silencing of certain radio channels to coincide with the recent commune elections exemplifies the determination shown by the Royal Government of Cambodia (the "RGC") in its attempts to stifle the media and curtail freedom of expression and information throughout the Kingdom of Cambodia ("Cambodia") in order to secure political and electoral support. The RGC has indicated that the process will be repeated for the national elections in 2013.

Law on Administrative Management of Communes Sangkats The Cambodian Center for Human Rights (“CCHR”) has classified the Law as red. The dominant role that the Law grants the Ministry of Interior (the “MOI”) undermines some positive provisions, while the role of the commune/sangkat councils (the “Councils”) as representatives of the people is difficult to reconcile with their role as agent of the State, given that the former represents the interests of the people and the latter the interests of the State and the ruling party. Decentralization is an admirable objective, but only if it transfers power to the people at the grassroots level. The Law fails as regards this overriding objective.

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