Fact sheets

Case Study Series Impunity in Banteay Meanchey This case – whereby someone faces the full force of the law for doing his job and defending the rights of a young woman who is allegedly the victim of sexual harassment – shows that the judicial system of the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”) is being abused, serving only to protect the interests of the powerful and well‐connected rather than to provide justice and remedies to those in need. The Cambodian judicial system is currently not fit for purpose.

Freedom of Expression and Academic Freedom Freedom of expression and academic freedom are both protected under provisions of domestic and international law. The recent decision by the Royal University of Law and Economics ("RULE") in Phnom Penh to issue a list of prohibited thesis topics to students seriously impinges upon both the right to academic freedom and the right to freedom of expression, and is the latest in a series of restrictions on freedom of expression in the Kingdom of Cambodia("Cambodia") .

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women By ratifying the CEDAW Optional Protocol, the Royal Government of Cambodia ( the "RGC") has paved the way for individuals and groups of women who believe their rights have been violated to submit complaints to the United Nations committee dealing with women's rights, providing women in Cambodia with an additional means to seek redredd for violatoin of their rights.

Asia-Pacific Field Update

( 29-February-2012 / UNHCR )

Asia-Pacific Field Update UNHCR has worked closely with the Refugee Office, established by the Royal Government of Cambodia under the Immigration Department of the Ministry of Interior. Subsequent to the Government’s adoption of the Sub-Decree No 224 on Procedure of Determination of Refugee Status and the Right of Asylum for Aliens in Cambodia, the Cambodian government has accepted responsibility for the processing and adjudicating of all refugee cases. UNHCR is undertaking the gradual process of supporting the Refugee Office, through close consultation with Government officials, provision of support to decision-makers at all stages of the process of refugee status determination as well as by providing necessary training to government officials...

Commune Councils

( 24-February-2012 / CCHR )

Commune Councils With Commune Council elections due on 3 June 2012, this fact sheet provides a timely overview of the Commune Council and the election process, highlights the total political control established by the governing party, and make recommendations for reforms to the political process.

Buying Senate Election Votes

( 17-February-2012 / CCHR )

Buying Senate Election Votes A recent attempt by two men to buy the vote of a commune councilor in the Senate election has highlighted the endemic nature of corruption in the political spheres of the Kingdom of Cambodia (“Cambodia”) and the failure of government institutions to address the situation. This fact sheet outlines the incident, before summarizing the domestic and international lows relevant to vote buying and the failure of existing domestic laws to offer protections to those who report incidences of corruption.

Fundamental Freedoms Series Freedoms of Religion Freedom of religion is protected under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia (the constitution) as well as international law. While it may be rash to claim that there is total freedom of religion in the Kingdom of Cambodia ( Cambodia), it has made huge progress since the years of communism and the Khmer Rouge, while minority groups now generally face less discrimination on the basis of religion, giving cause for a fair degree of optimism in this regard.

Fact Sheet: Law on the Organization and Functioning of the Supreme Council of Magistracy The Cambodian Center for Human Rights ("CCHR") has classified the Law on the SCM as yellow: the premise of the law - to establish an independent body which oversees the judiciaru - is a positive step, but in its current form the law contains provisions which contradict its stated aim.

The Senate

( 27-January-2012 / CCHR )

The Senate Cambodia has a bicameral parliament consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly. The Senate plays an advisory role in terms of legislation and is elected indirectly by commune councilors and representatives of the National Assembly. Whilst the Senate is viewed as being in tune with principle of democracy and transparency, the manner in which senators are voted in and the restrictions to its mandate raise substantive question as to its effectiveness.

Case Study Series Unlawful Use of Guns by Military Officials This fact sheet highlights two instances in recent weeks whereby military police have used guns to help private companies resolve land disputes-one on 13 December 2011 in Battambang province and the other on 18 January 2012 in Kratie province – and analyses whether such possession and use of weapons is illegal.

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